3

Beeooece c p pxoc e a xo: o epeopepc a aa (Tp, Epoa) a oco (pa, epaa A). B o epe o , peopeeeo pee cexo (oc, ca, p cao ao coec opeeex ex po Pocc) ceapaa Axa , oac, e o Oce (epe oce e poxo acoo ae pacope apep, a epe Axa). o ooec oceo p o paee aeeo opaea - Poccco eepa. co, o ec o Axa e e cepa, pacopa c e e occaoea, epe eoopoe pe Pocc opao opoe ooec oa opa paee o a pco pe.

Bc execa pacppa coaa o coec caapa, o ape copeco p c epoec cpaa, .

Tpaoe ooee p, oe a oo oee a, o ce Pocc, o oeco ecaa p, ec e e oc o ocecc a eapoo poe. Ta opao, opeeex coe oo oa ae o ooecoo aopa - pacopo-eopaecoo, - cocooo ep p cpp poxocex ce, cap epoo.

e coo coe, pae ocapca eooo e pee caoc - aee cocae poecoo oeaa.

ca poecoo oeaa p pae ocaoo poac epe eopaa, o cpae co ce p HH, cpoeco ecox oeaoax ap, cocox a ce o pae ocapco.

, , , ( , ).

Bpoeca caa aco oe eee. .

pxoc oop o eax copoax oeco .

oce opee eacoc, p e coa oc peeo pa cooeceo oeco caoc oeo cec pe aop: ) oecoo cocaa acee, e oeeoo oepaaco ee; ) paec eepaoo acpao-oecoo cpoca, aaoo e ee aae 1920-x oo; ) occ oooeo oeco ooeco op (ap, x, ee oceca; px ex coax p, ooec e acx o ocapca) cocoo cpo ac p epa ee; ) . epe a aopa e poe eopaecoe paee: epepoc x poe ocoe poe coxpae eppopao eococ .

Ha ae aaa pacaa coecoo ocapca, oe 1980 x , p poc ce ceapacce ee epepx peoax, aceex ec peo eca, o aaoc px HH. Ta, e x ec aoo (.e. aop eepaoo cpoca), ae ee oee . epaoo paeca p, a ocecoo (o op 1990 .), a aoacecoo (1990-91 .), ao cocoo ceeo eo, e oee opao eex Boeoo Coea occoea 1992 oa, e oaaoc ocaoo ecx opapeo, a oe c, , ocoeo, ooex co peooe ax ee. oceoae pee o, pee paec peaa - o aeca paea ocapca acca (, ) pee epeeex, oeoex e - ae ec cppoa e ( e po coc), oao co cpoopoa pax pooee a o ceoo coca. .

epee aae 1992 . oe e paee eao pao , xo eeo ec aepeop pea epeca cpa, cococoao paco oeca, ao paac o, , ececeo, e cococoao oeco caa. e cpaca co cea ce aop ecocooc pooee po oc coea c epoc, occe pa opocca. ce oe aopo - occe peao op, cocoo ooa apo . A capa a ( coc - ee apa oeapa, coaa cox coeco ac), ececeo e po ooc oo ac, oopa , oo .

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