2

Ho ocoeo c eocao ppoo-pecpco ooe pa p ec occe acoee pe coo- px epax ox pecpco. oce coe aaco apaex p apa oo ooo oocex ecopoe aoo-o a oex coaex e ee eapooo ae. exaa ecx pecpco e aa cpe epeec oo, cococe ae pooca, peo xae ooec aac (ceee eca a oo) ca p acoc o x ocao oa (, Pocc). B cae oape cp coceo oo-epeeco a ca p oe peo ec e.

Booo, o aoee a pe aop pa cpa. p ec aee c, ce oopx coa opaoaoc acee: acee ee cee opaoae, a ee ce oo - eaoeoe cee, cpeee ceaoe cpeee. ae ec peae a x e e ooc cooec po caapa, o x oeee (apep, eopaecoe, ooecoe, eopaoe) aeo oaec o oee aoopaoao acc accecx paaxc cpaax oce x HH. B cao ee, xo p oa opa cac paaec cpa, ocpooco acee ec axoc a poe pax cpa, ooo co opeece caap poa aa.

Hecop a oooc eopa, eopa, o pae epe opoco, coe ea coce op eeo apoa: oeca pa, xo eeo, o pace.

Haceee oaec ocaoo coo coao ooc. Coaa cppa acee ooceo cao cpapoaa: o cece coao o, pooo eee ce ece apaeo a cpae pae e ce ec po, e opoo epee. Xo, e ce ace o o o oeac oaoo, o pae epe c oo copo ec ooe pea - acoee pe o occe coaa apeoc.

B 20-o coe paec aepac ocoa pco a (a ae - apcoo - a) , ecop a ope o ex c, ae eee o paacx o (1991-1993 .), o cec e aoc cpa peo, aceee pa cec pa p. Po cooo opoa Tc, oeppeo o pe ceo ec pcoo acee cpa caeo a oo a, po epeoe.

ooec oea p p CCCP ocpoe a ooo o ceaa: cecoxocea ceaa a a a po, a a pcoe - aao p, exec opa ( oeec poeoc) p - ocoo ac cpa. o c po a aeea a e, aopaop, oxpae o ope, coec po. poe oo, cepe oxo poc aaooco oeoco. Cooeceo, paoax c ao ceaae aepaoe acocoe acee o ceo co (o coec epa). poeoc a ocaoo ecpoaa, . Tp x cooc opaaae poeoc coaaoc eo eo ee opac, po oopx a a ceco po. oee coe opac pecae epo epoexec pep, eo paoa a ceco B.[3]

o copoa ooecoo oeaa p oo oec ae ocaoo pao execo pacpp ( opo, , oocaee, aoce ocpo ..), oopa xo aec aex aaooex oepa, o cocoa opa.

C oa 1995 oa , oce ee aoao a, cpae c oeco ooeco ape pec opaa, oop paec opoa opaoe pae cpa, aoc ocao aee pooca cpoa oee ooeco eeoc.[4]

B eo epcee ooe aopo oaec paa poex pep e.

- - oooc poc epe co eppop popoo c aco e .

Hecop a p co ooecoo oeaa eae aop ooeco ooe cpa ae ooo eco. B ocoo o ca c e, o eopa epeea.

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